The McLaren F1 is a mid-engined supercar made by McLaren Automotive between 1992 and 1999.
The McLaren F1 was unveiled at The Sporting Club in Monaco, on May 28, 1992. In all, 106 cars were manufactured, with some variations in the design. Five prototypes were made: XP-1, XP-2, XP-3, XP-4, and XP-5.
The McLaren F1's engine is a BMW M-built 6.1 L (6,064 cc) V12 engine named the BMW S70/2. Gordon Murray, a designer of the car, insisted that the engine be naturally aspirated. The S70/2 produces 618 hp (461 kW) at 7,400 rpm and 480 ft·lb (651 N·m) at 5,600 rpm and weighs 586 lb (266 kg). It also features an aluminum alloy block and heads, with 3.4x3.4 in (86x87 mm) bore/stroke, quad overhead camshafts with variable valve timing, and a chain drive for the camshafts. The engine has its rev limiter set to 7,500 rpm.
The normal McLaren F1 features no wings to produce downforce, although the overall design of the underbody of the McLaren F1, in addition to a rear diffuser, exploits ground effect to improve downforce which is increased through the use of two electric Kevlar fans to further decrease the pressure under the car. At the rear of the car is a small dynamic rear wing, which adjusts dynamically and automatically attempts to balance the car's center of gravity under braking, shifting the center forward with the brakes applied.
The McLaren F1 is a mid-engined car that uses a transverse six-speed manual gearbox with an AP carbon triple-plate clutch contained in aluminum housing. The McLaren F1 has an aluminium flywheel that has only the dimensions and mass absolutely needed to allow the torque from the engine to be transmitted. This is done in order to decrease rotational inertia and increase responsiveness of the system, resulting in faster gear changes and better throttle feedback. This is possible due to the F1 engine lacking secondary vibrational couples and featuring a torsional vibration damper by BMW. The F1 is rear-wheel-drive and contains a unique seating configuration with the driver in the front center and the two passengers on both left and right, slightly behind the driver, thus making the F1 a 3-seater.
The McLaren F1 has a 0-60 mph (0-97 km/h) acceleration time of 3.2 seconds, 0-100 mph (0-161 km/h) in 6.3 seconds, 0-200 mph (0-322 km/h) in 28 seconds, and a quarter mile time of 11.045 seconds at 138 mph (222 km/h).
The McLaren F1 remains one of the fastest production cars by top speed ever made. On March 31, 1998, Andy Wallace drove the XP5 prototype at Volkswagen's test track in Ehra-Lessien, setting a then-new production car world record of an independently measured top speed of 240 mph (386 km/h), averaged from a minimum of 237 mph (382 km/h) and a peak speed of 243 mph (391 km/h) measured by McLaren. This was done with the rev limiter raised to 8,300 rpm.
Since then, the McLaren F1 has gone on to become the fastest naturally aspirated car in the world, while there are cars like the Koenigsegg Agera RS, Bugatti Veyron Super Sport, Hennessey Venom GT, and even the McLaren P1 that are faster than it but instead use forced-induction.
The McLaren P1 is the successor to the McLaren F1 and was unveiled in 2012 before being put into production between 2013 and 2015.
The McLaren F1 was added in update 1.1.0 and is a Tier 7 vehicle. It could only be unlocked through its own Special Event.
The McLaren F1 appears as a Class A car in Asphalt Street Storm Racing, marking its first playable appearance in an Asphalt game since Asphalt 7: Heat over four years prior.
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- McLaren F1 XP-5, a McLaren F1 prototype that was used in McLaren's famous top speed run to 243 mph (391 km/h). This car is used in place of the normal F1 in Asphalt 8: Airborne and Asphalt Nitro.
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