The Volkswagen Type 2, known officially (depending on body type) as the Transporter, Kombi or Microbus, or, informally, as the Bus (US) or Camper (UK), is a forward control light commercial vehicle introduced in 1950 by the German automaker Volkswagen as its second car model. Following – and initially deriving from – Volkswagen's first model, the Type 1 (Beetle), it was given the factory designation Type 2.
The first generation of the Volkswagen Type 2 with the split windshield, informally called the Microbus, Splitscreen, or Splittie among modern fans, was produced from 8 March 1950 through the end of the 1967 model year. From 1950 to 1956, the T1 (not called that at the time) was built in Wolfsburg; from 1956, it was built at the completely new Transporter factory in Hanover. Like the Beetle, the first Transporters used the 1100 Volkswagen air-cooled engine, an 1,131 cc (69.0 cu in), DIN-rated 18 kW (24 PS; 24 bhp), air-cooled flat-four-cylinder 'boxer' engine mounted in the rear. This was upgraded to the 1200 – an 1,192 cc (72.7 cu in) 22 kW (30 PS; 30 bhp) in 1953. A higher compression ratio became standard in 1955; while an unusual early version of the 30 kW (41 PS; 40 bhp) engine debuted exclusively on the Type 2 in 1959. Any 1959 models that retain that early engine today are true survivors. Since the engine was totally discontinued at the outset, no parts were ever made available.
The Volkswagen Samba, in the United States also known as Sunroof Deluxe, was the most luxurious version of the T1. Volkswagen started producing Sambas in 1951.
In the USA Volkswagen vans were informally classified according to the number of windows they had. This particular model had 23 and later 21 windows including eight panoramic windows in the roof (the 23 window version had additional curved windows in the rear corners). To distinguish it from the normal Volkswagen van the name Samba was coined.
- Race 085 (Class C, levels 13–15)
- Recommended level: 14
- Event reward:
Renamed to Volkswagen Camper Bus and depicted as a 1951 Samba model, the Type 2 appears as a high-end Turf 2 vehicle with a x1.5 bonus to jump scores. It was only obtainable as an Event reward.
|Turf 1||Ford Mustang GT Fastback • Ram 1500 • Fiat Abarth Rally • GMC K-2500 • DS 3 Racing • Renault Alpine A110 • Ferrari 308 GTS|
|Turf 2||Plymouth Hemi 'Cuda • Ford Explorer • DeLorean DMC-12 • Pontiac Firebird Trans Am • Volkswagen Camper Bus • Chevrolet Camaro SS|
|Turf 3||Ford Mustang Boss 302 • GMC Vandura • Ford Shelby GT500 • Hummer HX • Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione • Bentley Continental GT V8|
|Turf 4||Chevrolet Corvette C7 • SRT Viper • Ferrari Testarossa • Ferrari F12berlinetta • Pagani Zonda R • RUF RT 12 S|
|Turf 5||Ferrari 458 Italia • Lamborghini Countach • RUF CTR 3 • Ferrari FXX • W Motors Lykan HyperSport • Lamborghini Veneno • Hennessey Venom GT • Lamborghini Sesto Elemento|
|Beetle GRC • Beetle Turbo • Golf Design Vision GTI • Golf GTI Clubsport • Golf V GTI • I.D. R • New Beetle RSI • Polo R • Type 2 (T1) • W12 • XL Sport Concept|